Today, we are seeing a growth in the popularity of the forensic science field, and the number of graduates of various branches of the field is increasing day by day. If you are an eager student considering this area of study, you should get familiar with this widespread field. In this paper, you will read detailed information about criminal and forensic science major.
What is Forensic Science?
As a word, forensic science is referred to the Latin word “forensis” meaning public discussion. In ancient Rome, there was a marketplace in which people conducted governmental debates or used it as courts of law.
In 1659, the word forensic was added to the English vocabulary. Its modern meaning is referred to the legal and criminal investigations.
As a term, forensic science is defined with law enforcement, public health, criminal laws and criminal justice. Forensic science programs will educate you how to find clues of the crime. This science helps to understand what occurred, how it occurred and when it occurred. In fact, forensic science is about collecting, examining and analyzing the physical evidence of the crime scene.
The Brief History of Forensic Science
The history of forensic science was begun in the 700s A.D. The Chinese found that every human has unique fingerprints.
The first recorded book about solution of crime was published in 1248. This Chinese book named Hsi DuanYu (the Washing Away of Wrongs) described how to differ drowning symptoms from strangulation symptoms.
In 1800s, scientists found blood test, using toxicology, crystal test for hemoglobin, use of photography, developing microscope and etc. in a forensic context.
In 1892, Sir Francis Galton invented the first system for categorizing fingerprints. After, Sir Edward Henry developed fingerprint system in 1896 which today is a standard for fingerprinting systems.
Henry Goddard was the first person who used bullet and compared it to the murder weapon in 1835. And thereafter, many attempts were made to complete the bullet and gunshot examination.
Early, at that time, there was no school, institute, university, collage or academy for forensic science training. All the people who were eager to learn this field were self-taught. In 1902, Professor R. A. Reiss took the first steps towards academic training of forensic science. In 1950, the first university of criminology and AAFS was established. Bernard Spilsbury was a pathologist who worked on the field of crime reconstruction and due to his attempts he is known as a father of forensic science.
Finally, according to all the efforts made until the 20st century, the idea about creating specific and professional team with specialized equipment came to mind to test the remains of evidence in the crime scene. Edmond Locard was the pioneer to this idea. He established the first police crime laboratory in France in 1910. Edmond Locard was the father of criminalistics. In 1924, August Vollmer, police chief of California, set up the first American police crime laboratory.